Types of Civil Engineering

Did you know that over 108,233 civil engineers are working in the U.S. alone?

Civil engineering is one of the most sought-after fields of study worldwide. There is so much to learn and discover. You may help grow the country by working in this amazing sector.

But what kind of engineering should you study? There are several branches of the subject to consider.

Continue reading to discover more about the different types of civil engineering and see whether it is suitable for you!


The main focus of geotechnical engineering is the soil. This branch deals with physical and mechanical properties. They also deal with materials like rock, asphalt, and steel.

Geotechnical engineers can provide valuable insight into the design. Examples of their work include:

  • Site assessments
  • Slope stability analyses
  • Soil improvement designs

Geotechnical engineers also assist with assessing mining and oil drilling safety. They test the compaction of soils and geophysical surveys. They often employ numerous tests.


This branch focuses on transportation systems design and development. It also focuses on its maintenance. This includes roads, bridges, ports, and trains.

Transportation engineers consider bridge ratings and size. They also check traffic flow on roadways. Additionally, they ensure the system’s safety.

Furthermore, they create efficient traffic tactics. They improve existing traffic systems. They also plan for bike lanes and pedestrian walkways.

These engineers also examine how their designs may affect the environment. They consider the effects of noise and air quality.


This field helps to put environmental preservation and management into action. They take part in projects like the development of sustainable building materials.

They build infrastructures that use renewable energy. Additionally, they check its impact on the environment.

They also play an integral role in policy and regulatory plans. They value natural resources. They also promote sustainability.


It is focused on the design and construction of buildings and bridges. They study these structures and the materials used to build them. They are both critical elements of daily life.

Structural engineers must be mindful of structural integrity. They create designs for non-building structures. They also apply their knowledge of the laws of physics and principles.

They must also be knowledgeable in the field of mathematics. They must also be good with computers and mechanics.

They must get professional licenses and meet specific educational requirements. To remain certified, they must continue their education.


Construction project planning, design, and management are all part of this field.

These engineers are in charge of a wide range of projects. They help to build houses and other structures. They also aid in the planning and building of power plants.

Some construction engineers specialize in a particular field. This could be for industrial or environmental purposes.

Construction engineers must interpret technical designs. They must keep track of project budgets and progress.

They must also guarantee that projects adhere to precise specifications. It must meet quality control requirements.

Construction is a versatile field. For this reason, it requires good problem-solving and communication abilities. Besides, you must have experience in labor management and surveying.


This is a wide-ranging field. It covers the design of structures in an urban setting. Its goal is to distribute resources and infrastructure projects effectively.

They do it to meet the community’s needs. They divide the necessary resources and address any challenges. Municipal projects are usually very complex. It requires various specialized skills and expertise. These include:

  • Engineering
  • Planning
  • Surveying
  • Materials engineering
  • Construction

They often work with government agencies. They ensure that everyone is on the same page when it comes to design and implementation.


Surveying is involved in mapping, measuring, and analyzing the physical structure of the Earth’s surface. Surveyors take accurate measurements on the land and in the air. They use a variety of instruments, such as theodolites and GPS receivers.

Surveying can go from mapping boundaries to land-use planning and measured building. It is an essential part of civil engineering. Without an accurate survey, other engineering activities cannot be planned or executed correctly.

In addition, surveying also helps monitor the movement of land or track changes in the environment. It helps to ensure the proper functioning of other construction activities.

Water Resource

This type of civil engineering covers a variety of activities. It handles developing, managing, and protecting water resources.

It also deals with the natural engineering process of flood control, water supply, and wastewater management. Developing sustainable water resources is one of the main goals of water resource engineers.

These engineers use several techniques. These include:

Water Harvesting

An alternative approach is the drip irrigation system. This applies small amounts of water directly to the roots of plants with emitting pipes and devices. It uses a network of open channels to distribute water from a high-pressure source.

Aqueducts and dams are other civil engineering projects focused on harvesting water. They can create artificial lakes by constructing a barrier to restrict the water flow and control the rate of water capture.

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater harvesting is the practice of collecting and storing rainwater. They ensure structures are built to withstand environmental and weather conditions. They must also determine the best way to ensure a continuous water supply for the needed location.

Groundwater Management

This involves studying the movement of surface water. This can be useful for mapping out water resource availability.

They also focus on preventing water contamination. This is done by constructing dams, landfills, and pipelines.

To succeed in this field, you must know the different types of pipelines used in the industry. You must also understand the design material and machinery used in the installation process.

Furthermore, you must be aware of the various kinds of soil. You must also be knowledgeable of building codes and safety precautions. This way, you can create the best engineering solutions for water resource management.

Understand the Different Types of Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is an expansive field that offers many opportunities to those wishing to embark on a career. Whether a person is designing a bridge in a big city or designing a home in a rural area, civil engineering is an integral part of today’s world.

So what are you waiting for? Explore the different types of civil engineering and make an informed decision today!

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Last Updated on April 20, 2023

Usama BIN Safdar
Meet Usama Bin Safdar, a wordsmith hailing from Faisalabad, Pakistan. With over 5 years of experience under his belt, he's a master at weaving words to create content that's not only informative but also engaging. He's a deep-diver when it comes to SEO, and as the Founder of SoftwareBench, he helps businesses and individuals navigate the digital landscape with ease. Follow Usama for a journey into the world of SEO and digital marketing, where every word is crafted with precision and passion.

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